ie: Synvisc, Synvisc-One Orthovisc, Monovisc, Durolane, Hyalgan etc.
Viscosupplementation is a procedure that aims to increase the cushioning and lubrication of joints. Your joint is injected with a gel called hyaluronic acid that is like the synovial fluid that is found in healthy human joints. Hyaluronic acid is found naturally within the synovial (or joint) fluid and acts as a lubricant to enable your joints to absorb shock when the joint is loaded and for your bones to move smoothly over each other.
Immediate Effects of Viscosupplementation:
- It is important to note that hyaluronic acid does not have an immediate pain-relieving effect and that for 48 hours post-injection, you should avoid excessive weight bearing on the joint that was injected
- Pain, swelling, and warmth may occur at the site of injection. To ease these symptoms, try applying ice to the joint
Long Term Effects of Viscosupplementation:
- Hyaluronic acid has been shown to cause decreased inflammation and pain within the joint which may last several months
- Though hyaluronic acid has been shown to lessen the symptoms of arthritis, it should be noted that it has never been proven to re-grow cartilage or reverse the effects of arthritis
These injections may be repeated after a period of time, usually 6 to 12 months.
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